|Name of Participant||: Ms. Ratchaprapa Raksasat||Name of Presenter||: Ms. Ratchaprapa Raksasat
|Address||: Fundamental and Applied Science, Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS, Perak, Malaysia|
|Mode of Presenter (Requested)||: Oral Presenter|
|Paper Title||: Fortification of Black Soldier Fly Larval Feeding Substrate for Producing Biodiesel |
|Scope/Category||: Environmental Technology|
|Mode of Presenter (Given)
||: Oral Presenter
Humongous sewage sludge has been generated annually and this conundrum certainly requires a proper disposal management. The conventional methods for sewage sludge disposal may enlarge the carbon footprint and incur a high operating cost due to various hazardous substances that exist in sewage sludge. Hence, a novel secure method is opted in this study by utilizing insect larvae to consume sewage sludge and subsequently, being converted into a high value-added biochemical. As such, black soldier fly larvae (BSFL) were selected to serve this purpose owing to their competency to withstand heavy metals in sewage sludge without any contamination in larval biomass. However, as inadequate nutrition in sewage sludge can possibly retard the larval growth and biomass accumulation, blending of sewage sludge with palm kernel expeller (PKE), a nutrition enriched and low-cost organic waste substrate was carried out. Through the blending, an optimum ratio of sewage sludge to PKE of 2:3 had resulted in highest growth rate at 3.36±0.15 mg/larva/day and survival rate of larvae increased proportionately with PKE in larval feed. The extracted lipid from BSFL paved a pathway towards a new generation of sustainable feedstock in producing biodiesel. The highest lipid content was 17.00±1.77% when fed with sewage sludge to PKE at the ratio of 3:2.